Sumidouro and Carmo

Habitats: Dry Atlantic Forest fragments and pasture.
Duration: Full day, return for dinner
Departure: 05:30
Journey time: 3 hours each way with stops on route
What to take: Passport, binoculars, telescope (if you have one), camera, sunscreen, hat, plenty of water, sturdy walking boots, a waterproof jacket (just in case). A light fleece can be useful in the early morning between May to August.
Useful info: Transport is via air-conditioned minibus. A packed lunch is included in the excursion price.
Price: US$110 per person

The degraded remnant patches of Atlantic dry forest on the other side of the Serra dos Órgãos mountains are the stronghold of the threatened Three-toed Jacamar, a species at one time considered common, but now only found in a few locations and listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife International. We have an excellent chance of seeing this and many other species on this full day trip.

This excursion takes in a variety of habitats including remnant patches of Atlantic dry forest, open grassy plains and wetlands. Most of the birding from roadside stops.

Key species:

Dusky-legged Guan
White-tailed Hawk
Bicoloured Hawk
American Kestrel
Bat Falcon
Red-legged Seriema
Blue-winged Macaw
White-eyed Parakeet
Scaly-headed Parrot
American Barn Owl
Planalto Hermit
Sapphire-spangled Emerald
Three-toed Jacamar
White-eared Puffbird
Black-necked Aracari
Serra Antwren
Rio de Janeiro Antbird
Red-eyed Thornbird
Firewood-gatherer
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher
White-rumped Monjita
Streamer-tailed Tyrant
Long-tailed Tyrant
Curl-crested Jay
Tawny-headed Swallow
Magpie Tanager
Orange-headed Tanager
Hepatic Tanager
Gilt-edged Tanager
Uniform Finch
Crested Oropendola
Hooded Siskin

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Three-toed Jacamar (© Leonardo Pimentel)
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Streamer-tailed Tyrant (© Leonardo Pimentel)
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Red-legged Seriema (© Leonardo Pimentel)
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White-tailed Hawk (© Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)