Category Archives: Excursions

Recent sightings on excursions

Large-tailed Antshrike <em>Mackenziaena leachii</em> (&copy; Debbie Pain)
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii (© Debbie Pain)

Birds seen on our excursions over the last couple of months include:

Macaé de Cima: Spot-winged Wood-Quail, Scale-throated Hermit, Plovercrest, White-throated Hummingbird, Brazilian Ruby, Amethyst Woodstar, Saffron Toucanet, Yellow-browed and Green-barred Woodpeckers, Giant Antshrike, Rufous-backed Antvireo, Ochre-rumped Antbird, Rufous Gnateater, Rufous-tailed (Brazilian) Antthrush, Planalto Woodcreeper, Red-eyed Thornbird, White-collared Foliage-gleaner, Pale-browed and Sharp-billed Treehunters, Swallow-tailed Cotinga, Hooded Berryeater, Bare-throated Bellbird, Black-and-gold Cotinga, Sharpbill, Shrike-like Cotinga, Brown Tanager, Bay-chested Warbling-Finch and White-browed (White-rimmed) Warbler.

Pico da Caledônia: Large-tailed Antshrike (see photo below taken last year), Rufous-capped Antshrike, Dusky-tailed Antbird, Mouse-coloured Tapaculo, Rufous-capped, Grey-bellied and Spix’s Spinetails, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Rough-legged, Planalto and Grey-capped Tyrannulets, Highland Elaenia, Blue-billed and Velvety Black-Tyrants, Shear-tailed Grey Tyrant, Swallow-tailed, Black-and-gold and Grey-winged Cotingas, Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Cinnamon, Diademed and Brassy-breasted Tanagers.

Sumidouro: Red-legged Seriema, White-eyed Parakeet, Three-toed Jacamar, Serra Antwren, Narrow-billed Woodcreeper, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant and Streamer-tailed Tyrant.

August sightings

Green-chinned Euphonia <em>Euphonia chalybea </em> (&copy; Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)
Green-chinned Euphonia Euphonia chalybea (© Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)

We are now entering early spring and many birds are preparing to breed. Different species are at different stages of nesting, with many only just starting to form territories but some already have well-grown chicks (see below)! August sightings from around the reserve include:

4×4 Track to Casa Anibal: Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Scaly-headed Parrot, Crescent-chested Puffbird, Spot-backed Antshrike, Sooretama Slaty Antshrike, Spot-breasted Antvireo, Rufous-winged Antwren, White-bibbed Antbird, Black-cheeked Gnateater, Rufous-breasted Leaftosser, Lesser Woodcreeper, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant, Eared Pygmy-Tyrant, Russet-winged Spadebill (the first record on this trail), Blue-billed Black-Tyrant, Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Greyish Mourner, Grey-hooded Attila, Eastern Striped Manakin, Shrike-like Cotinga, White-winged Becard, Black-capped Becard, Turquoise Tanager, Brassy-breasted Tanager and Blue-naped Chlorophonia.

Elfin Forest Trail: Mantled Hawk, Black Hawk-Eagle, Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle, Golden-tailed Parrotlet, Blue-bellied Parrot, Least Pygmy-Owl, Buff-bellied Puffbird, Giant Antshrike, Salvadori’s Antwren and Variegated Antpitta.

Black-cheeked Gnateater <em>Conopophaga melanops</em> (&copy; Chris Townend)
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops (© Chris Townend)

Waldenoor: White-necked Hawk, Mantled Hawk (this is the most reliable area on the reserve for this species), Plain Parakeet, Scaly-headed Parrot, Reddish Hermit, Frilled Coquette, White-eared Puffbird, Yellow-fronted Woodpecker, Star-throated Antwren, Slaty Bristlefront, Lesser Woodcreeper, Black-capped Foliage-gleaner, Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, Grey-hooded Flycatcher, Rough-legged Tyrannulet, Whiskered Flycatcher, Long-tailed Tyrant, Green-backed Becard, Olive-green Tanager, Golden-chevroned Tanager, a pair of Green-chinned Euphonia and Chestnut-bellied Euphonia.

Waterfall Trail: White-necked Hawk, Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Saw-billed Hermit, Reddish Hermit, Black-throated Trogon, Rufous-capped Motmot, Crescent-chested Puffbird, Spot-billed Toucanet, Yellow-eared Woodpecker, Spot-breasted Antvireo, Star-throated Antwren, Unicoloured Antwren, Scaled Antbird, Black-cheeked Gnateater, Slaty Bristlefront, White-throated Woodcreeper, Black-capped Foliage-gleaner, Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper (at the waterfall), Southern Antpipit, White-throated Spadebill, Whiskered Flycatcher, Pin-tailed Manakin, White-thighed Swallow, Red-crowned Ant-Tanager, Azure-shouldered Tanager, Fawn-breasted Tanager, Turquoise Tanager and Yellow-green Grosbeak.

Sriped Owls <em>Asio clamator</em> (© Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)
Sriped Owls Asio clamator (© Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)

Wetland and adjacent forest trails: Muscovy Duck, Masked Duck, Rusty-margined Guan, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Whistling Heron, Capped Heron, Grey-headed Kite, Snail Kite, Great Black-Hawk (the second record for REGUA), Laughing Falcon, Limpkin, Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail, Rufous-sided Crake, Ash-throated Crake, Blackish Rail, excellent views of Giant Snipe, Barn Owl, 2 Tropical Screech-Owls (at the usual roost site), Tawny-browed Owl, Striped Owl – including these 2 juveniles (see photo), Scissor-tailed Nightjar, White-chinned Sapphire, White Woodpecker, Spot-backed Antshrike, Tufted Antshrike, Sooretama Slaty Antshrike, Black-cheeked Gnateater, White-throated Woodcreeper, Wing-banded Hornero, Moustached Wren, Long-billed Wren, Black-capped Donacobius, Brazilian Tanager and Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch.

Highlights on our excursions include:

Macaé de Cima: Dusky-legged Guan, Aplomado Falcon, Scale-throated Hermit, White-throated Hummingbird, Brazilian Ruby, Channel-billed Toucan, Saffron Toucanet, Rufous-backed Antvireo, Bertoni’s Antbird, Rufous-tailed Antthrush, Slaty Bristlefront, Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Bare-throated Bellbird, Brassy-breasted Tanager and Uniform Finch.

Pico da Caledônia: White-tailed Hawk, Red-legged Seriema, Plovercrest, Glittering-bellied Emerald, White-throated Hummingbird, Brazilian Ruby, Yellow-browed Woodpecker, Large-tailed Antshrike, Variable Antshrike, Ochre-rumped Antbird, Rufous Gnateater, Mouse-coloured Tapaculo, Scaled Woodcreeper, Black-billed Scythebill, Rufous-capped Spinetail, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, Grey-capped Tyrannulet, Blue-billed Black-Tyrant, Velvety Black-Tyrant, Black-and-gold Cotinga, Grey-winged Cotinga, Pin-tailed Manakin, Rufous-crowned Greenlet, Cinnamon Tanager, Azure-shouldered Tanager, Diademed Tanager, Brassy-breasted Tanager, Bay-chested Warbling-Finch, Green-winged Saltator and White-browed Warbler.

Serra dos Órgãos National Park: Spot-winged Wood-Quail, Saffron Toucanet, Yellow-browed Woodpecker, Green-barred Woodpecker, Giant Antshrike, Rufous-backed Antvireo, Ochre-rumped Antbird, Rufous Gnateater, Rufous-tailed Antthrush, Swallow-tailed Cotinga, Hooded Berryeater, Brown Tanager, Half-collared Sparrow and White-browed Warbler.

Sumidouro: Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle, American Kestrel, White-eyed Parakeet, Striped Cuckoo, Barn Owl, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, White-vented Violet-ear, Sapphire-spangled Emerald, 5+ Three-toed Jacamars seen on a single trip, Giant Antshrike, Crested Black-Tyrant, Streamer-tailed Tyrant, Uniform Finch and Blue-naped Chlorophonia.

Mammal sightings in August have included: Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth, Greater Fishing Bat, Tufted-ear Marmoset, Brown Howler Monkey, Brazilian Squirrel, Orange-spined Hairy Dwarf Porcupine, Capybara and Red-rumped Agouti. Finally, an intriguing record is that of a dead Southern Tamandua found in the forest behind the wetland, indicating that these animals are still present in the area.

February bird sightings

Juvenile Tawny-browed Owl <em>Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana</em> (&copy; Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)
Juvenile Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana (© Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)

February is the end of our summer and the breeding season is now coming to a close. Sightings in February include:

4×4 Track to Casa Anibal: A juvenile Tawny-browed Owl, a pair of Salvadori’s Antwren, Slaty Bristlefront and Rufous-breasted Leaftosser.

São José Trail: Ruddy Quail-Dove, Sooretama Slaty Antshrike, White-bibbed Antbird and a immature male Hooded Berryeater seen singing just behind the wetland (a species normally found at a much higher altitude).

Waldenoor: Crescent-chested Puffbird, Slaty Bristlefront, Red-necked Tanager and Rufous-headed Tanager.

Russet-crowned Crake <em>Laterallus viridis</em> (&copy; Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)
Russet-crowned Crake Laterallus viridis (© Adilei Carvalho da Cunha)

Wetland and adjacent trails: Tataupa Tinamou, Masked Duck, Striated Heron, Whistling Heron, Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, Grey-headed Kite, Rufous-thighed Kite, Limpkin, Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail, Russet-crowned Crake, Giant Snipe, Dark-billed Cuckoo, Striped Cuckoo, 2 Tropical Screech-Owl (at the usual roost site), Striped Owl, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Green Kingfisher, Rufous-capped Motmot, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Tufted Antshrike, Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Sooretama Slaty Antshrike, White-flanked Antwren, Wing-banded Hornero, White-winged Becard, Lemon-chested Greenlet, Long-billed Wren, Black-capped Donacobius, Hooded Tanager, Turquoise Tanager, an influx of Swallow-Tanager (with counts of over 30 birds), Red-legged Honeycreeper, Lined Seedeater and Red-rumped Cacique.

Macaé de Cima: Plovercrest, Bertoni’s Antbird, Hooded Berryeater, Black-and-gold Cotinga, Greenish Schiffornis, Cinnamon Tanager and Bay-chested Warbling-Finch.

Primatology Centre excursion update

Shrike-like Cotinga <em>Laniisoma elegans</em> found dead at the Primatology Centre, near REGUA, August 2008 (&copy; Alan Martin)
Shrike-like Cotinga Laniisoma elegans found dead at the Primatology Centre, near REGUA, August 2008 (© Alan Martin)

Huge numbers of birds are killed every year as they fly into windows, but the discovery of a dead Shrike-like Cotinga Laniisoma elegans next to a window at the Primatology Centre (Centro de Primatologia do Rio de Janeiro), near REGUA, was a surprise. The photo shows a beautiful male that was found dead in mid-August and is now destined to join their small collection of skins. Although Shrike-like Cotingas are regularly seen in the forest at REGUA, they are rare birds, and this incident demonstrates the quality of the habitat also to be found in the grounds of the Primatology Centre, which is only about 40 minutes drive away. The Primatology Centre is not open to the public, however, guests staying at the lodge may visit on excursions organised by REGUA. Other birds recently seen here include Rufous-capped Motmot, Star-throated Antwren, Black-cheeked Gnateater and Bare-throated Bellbird.

Brown-backed Parrotlets sighted on Macaé de Cima excursion

Brown-backed Parrotlet Touit melanotus is a rare Brazilian endemic confined to the Atlantic Forest and classified as Endangered by Birdlife International. This is a very difficult bird to catch up with, but guests on our high altitude Macaé de Cima excursion were treated to good views when a group of eight birds landed in front of them. Wildlife photographer Margaret Welby was there and managed a record shot despite the lack of light and the birds being a little distant. Since then we have returned to the site and again seen the birds. Lets hope they hang around. Margaret is a regular visitor to REGUA and will be exhibiting her photos (including several taken at REGUA) at the British Birdfair (marquee 1, stand no. 73).

REGUA guides rediscover locally extinct woodpecker

Robust Woodpecker <em>Campephilus robustus</em> Serra dos Órgãos National Park, 13 June 2008 (&copy; Leonardo Pimentel)
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus Serra dos Órgãos National Park, 13 June 2008 (© Leonardo Pimentel)

On Friday 13th June, while on an excursion to Serra dos Órgãos National Park with guests staying at our Guapi Assu Bird Lodge, our guide Leonardo rediscovered a species of woodpecker considered extinct for the Park – Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus.

Leonardo writes “Its last register was in 1894 and only six skins are known in museums from the region. All members of our group: Dave, Margaret, Phil and Sue were lucky in seeing this fantastic bird”.